Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Exercise 1: (Unit 9/tuần 20/ mức 2)
The deserts of the world are not all covered with sand. Many of them have surfaces of rock or clay or small stones. They are not flat, either; they often have high hills and deep valleys. There is some plant life in many parts of the desert. There is little rain in the desert, but it does fall often enough for most plants.
The deserts of the world are not uninhabited. People also live outside oases, but these people are not farmers. They have camels, goats, donkeys, sheep, etc. These animals can live on the desert plants and do not need much water.
The people of the desert have to move constantly from place to place; they must always look for grass or desert plants for their animals. They usually live in tents. When there is no more food for their animals, they fold up their tents, put them on their camels and donkeys, and move to another place. In good years, when there is enough food for their animals, they trade their skins and their goats and camel hairs with the people of oases for wheat and fruit. But in bad years, when there is not enough food for their animals, the people of the desert would attack the oases people. But they are also hospitable. No man in the desert would ever refuse to give a stranger food and water.

1. According to the passage, deserts are mostly made up of __________.
       A. clay                         B. rock                        C. sand                        D. small stones                       
                                              Đáp án: C
2. The word “hospitable” has the meaning of being __________.
       A. brave                      B. cruel                        C. strange                    D. kind                                   
                                              Đáp án: D
3. In the desert __________.                                                                                                              
       A. it rains in spring only                                  B. it rains for a short time every month
       C. there is some rain, but far from enough.    D. the rainfall is just enough for the plants
                                              Đáp án: C
4. People live __________.                                                                                                                
       A. only inside the oases                                  B. only outside the oases
       C. both inside and outside the oases              D. in places with regular rainfalls
                                              Đáp án: C
5. From the passage we know that life is _________ in deserts.                                                                   
       A. hard                        B. comfortable            C. impossible in           D. enjoyable
                                              Đáp án: A

Exercise 2: (Unit 11/tuần 24/ mức 2)
Many people believe that watching television has resulted in lower reading standards in schools. However, the link between television and printed books is not as simple as that. In many cases, television actually encourages people to read ; for example, when a book is turned into a TV series, its sales often go up.
One study of this link examined six-year-old children who were viewing a special series of 15-minute programs at school. The series was designed to encourage love of books, as well as to develop the basic mechanical skills of reading. Each program is an animated film of a children's book. The story is read aloud and certain key phrases from the book appear on the screen, beneath the picture. Whenever a word is read, it is also highlighted on the TV screen.
One finding was that watching these programs was very important to the children. If anything prevented them from seeing a program, they were very disappointed. What's more, they wanted to read the books which the different parts of the series were based on.
The programs also gave the children more confidence when looking at these books. As a result of their familiarity with the stories, they would sit in pairs and read the stories aloud to each other. On each occasion, the children showed great sympathy when discussing a character in a book because they themselves had been moved when watching the character on television.

1. What is the main idea of the book?
       A. The simple link between television and books.
       B. The influence of television on reading books.
       C. The advantage of books over television.
       D. The ways of children reading books and watching TV.
Đáp án: B
2. When does television encourage people to read?
       A. When there are no interesting programs on TV.
       B. When children are watching an animated film on TV.
       C. When a book is made into a TV series.
       D. When a book appears on the screen.
Đáp án: C
3. How did children feel when viewing a special series of 15-minute program at school?
       A. They felt excited.
       B. They felt bored.
       C. They felt disappointed.
       D. They felt confident.                                    
Đáp án: A
4. What kind of film is each program?
       A. A story film of a children's book.
       B. A documentary film of children's life.
       C. An educational film.                                  
       D. An animated film of a children's book.
Đáp án: D
5. What advantage did children have from this program?
       A. They read books with more interest and confidence.
       B. They became more sympathetic.
       C. They made more friends.    
       D. They became more interested in watching TV.
Đáp án: A

Exercise 3: (Unit 11/ tuần 24/ mức 2)
When I opened the first "Body Shop" in 1976, my only object was to earn enough to feed my children. Today "The Body Shop" is an international company rapidly growing all around the world. In the years since we began I have learned a lot.  Much of what I have learned will be found in this book, for I believe that we, as a company, have something worth saying about how to run a successful business without giving up what we really believe in.                            
It's not an ordinary business book, nor is it just about my life.  The message is that to succeed in business you have to be different.   Business can be fun, a business can be run with love and it can do good. In business, as in life, I need to enjoy myself, to have a feeling of family and to feel excited by the unexpected. I have always wanted the people who work for "The Body Shop" to feel the same way.
Now this book sends these ideas of mine out into the world. I'd like to think there are no limits to our "family", no limits to what can be done. I find that an exciting thought. I hope you do, too.

1. What is the writer's main purpose in writing this text?
       A. To tell the reader her life story
       B. To introduce her ideas to the reader
       C. To explain how international companies operate
       D. To tell the reader how she brought up a family
Đáp án: B
2. What would someone learn from this text?
       A. How to make a lot of money
       B. How to write a book about business
       C. What the writer's family is like
       D. What the writer's book is about
Đáp án: D
3. How does the writer feel about the business she runs?
       A. She doesn't care about success if her children are fed.
       B. She just runs it for her own entertainment.
       C. It is not like any other company.
       D. It is likely to become even more successful.
Đáp án: C
4. What kind of workers does the writer like to employ?
       A. Worker who can explain her ideas
       B. Workers who get on well with the public
       C. Workers who have the same attitudes as she does
       D. Workers who have their own families
Đáp án: C
5. What kind of person does the writer seem to be?
       A. She seems to be someone with strong opinions.
       B. She doesn't seem to be very confident.
       C. She is mainly interested in making money.
       D. She sees running a business as just a job.
Đáp án: A
Exercise 4: (Unit 13/tuần 28/ mức 1)
The SEA Games originated from the SEAP (Southeast Asian Peninsula) Games which were first held in Thailand in 1959. When the first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok in 1959, only six countries participated, namely Laos, Burma (Myanmar), Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.
Luang Sukhumnaipradit, the then Vice President of the Thai National Olympic Committee, had been trying to begin a SEAP Games since 1957. He believed that a regional sports competition, similar to the Asian Games or the Olympic Games, will help promote cooperation, understanding, and relations among countries in the region. His efforts were rewarded after two years.
The name SEAP Games was used up to 1975. Thailand had by then been the host country three times. Later on Indonesia, the Philippines, and Brunei joined the Games, which were then renamed SEA Games at its 9th athletics meet in Malaysia in 1977. The name has since been officially adopted and the Games have become the most important sporting event of the region. The membership of the SEA Games has now increased to ten with Cambodia being the last member.

1. _________ 1977, SEAP Games was the official name of the sporting event in Southeast Asia.    A. During            B. Before                    C. After                       D. In
                                                                                    Đáp án: B
2. The preparation for a Southeast Asian sporting event __________ two years.
            A. cost                         B. spent                       C. lasted                      D. carried out
                                                                                    Đáp án: C
3. Luang Sukhumnaipradit was sure that a sport competition will be good for _______ in   Southeast Asia.
            A. sports                      B. economies               C. relations                  D. peace
                                                                                    Đáp án: C
4. Viet Nam was the host country of SEA Games in __________.
            A. 2001                       B. 2003                       C. 2005                       D. 2007
                                                                                    Đáp án: B
5. Up to 1975, __________ had hosted three SEA Games.
            A. Malaysia                 B. Indonesia                C. the Philippines        D. Thailand
                                                                                    Đáp án: D

Exercise 5: (Unit 13/ tuần 28, mức 2)
The 22nd SEA Games mascot is the Golden Buffalo. An industrious, good-natured, and wise animal known to be faithful to human beings, the buffalo has had a close relationship with Vietnamese people in the nation’s rice civilization as well as with people in other Southeast Asian countries in many respects.
The buffalo represents the desire for abundant crops, happy lives, strength, and martial spirit. The personified image of the buffalo – a stylized picture of a Vietnamese wrestler in his “se đài” (a greeting act performed before the match) – represents the joy, open-heartedness, and hospitality of the host country.

1. The underlined word “industrious” is similar to __________.
            A. working in the industry                              B. cheerful
            C. hard-working                                              D. honest
                                                                                    Đáp án: C
2. The buffalo was chosen as the mascot of the 22nd SEA Games __________ it has been with farmers in Asia for a long time.                            
            A. since                       B. although                 C. so                            D. when
                                                                                    Đáp án: A
3. The buffalo in the mascot looks like a __________ rather than a buffalo.
            A. dancer                    B. farmer                     C. performer                D. wrestler
                                                                                    Đáp án: D
4. Before the match, a wrestler is in “se đài” act to greet __________.
            A. the other wrestlers                                      B. the audience
            C. his master                                                   D. his family
                                                                                    Đáp án: B
5. The underlined word “respects” can be replaced by the word “__________”.
            A. periods                   B. places                      C. aspects                    D. parts
                                                                                    Đáp án: C

Exercise 6: (Unit 14/ tuần 28,mức 2)
The United Nations is a group of government from around the world that work together to solve the world’s problems and prevent wars. Sometimes the United Nations is successful, and sometimes it is not. There used to be a group similar to the United Nations called the League of Nations. U.S President Woodrow Wilson started the League of Nations after World War I because he didn’t want the world to have another huge, destructive war. He knew that the world needed a way to solve its problems without fighting. Unfortunately, the League of Nations had little power. Its members often broke its rules, and it did not stop the next big war, World War II. After World War II, the world ended the League of Nations and began the United Nations.

1. What is the purpose of the United Nations?
       A. To stop World War II.
       B. To prevent wars.
       C. To give more power to the League of Nations.
       D. To make better governments around the world.
Đáp án: B
2. When did the League of Nations start?  
       A. After the United Nations was unsuccessful.
       B. After World War II
       C. After World War I.
       D. After Woodrow died.
Đáp án: C
3. All of the following are true of the League of Nations EXCEPT __________.
       A. Woodrow Wilson started it.
       B. It was successful in preventing large wars.
       C. It didn’t have much power.
       D. Its members didn’t follow its rules.
Đáp án: B
4. The word “destructive” in bold in the passage most closely means __________.
       A. long                        B. significant               C. devastating             D. bad
Đáp án: C
5. Which of the following is true of the League of Nations? 
       A. The League of Nations was always successful in preventing wars.
       B. The members of League of Nations often obeyed its rules.
       C. The United Nations is called the League of Nations.
       D. The United Nations was established after the League of Nations ended.
Đáp án: D

Exercise 7: (Unit 15/ tuần 32,mức 3)
There is great social pressure for women to be pretty and successful. It causes a lot of stress. They learn from media that they are supposed to look beautiful like a movie star. They learn that beauty is something that other people will decide, not something they decide for themselves. This movie star beauty conflicts with another message: women are supposed to be independent and successful at their careers. Basically, they are supposed to be strong, smart, and very good at their work. Most women between the ages of 16 and 25 feel that this causes a lot of pressure. In many cases, they can become depressed. These women say they do not want to care so much but feel it is impossible not to. By 30, the stress becomes less. Women learn not to care so much what other people think.

1. What creates pressure for women?
       A. They don't care about their appearance.
       B. They feel conflicted about which career to choose.
       C. They want to look like movie stars and become famous.
       D. They are supposed to be good-looking and succeed in their careers.
Đáp án: D
2. Which of the followings is closest in meaning to 'conflict with'?
            A. support                   B. go against               C. agree with               D. lead to
Đáp án: B
3. According to the passage, women's beauty __________.
       A. is decided by women themselves.            
       B. is decided by a movie star.
       C. is something decided by other people.      
       D. helps them become successful.
Đáp án: C
4. Why does the stress become less when women reach 30 ?
       A. They learn not to worry about what people think.
       B. They become very good at their work and earn money.
       C. They decide to be pretty and successful.
       D. They just stop caring about how they look.
Đáp án: A
5. According to the passage, what is true about women?
       A. They like to be movie stars.
       B. They are pretty and successful.
       C. Many young women can become depressed by the social pressure.
       D. Many young women do not want to be pretty.
Đáp án: C

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